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Siberian cat

enero 13, 2021


The Siberian is a feline breed with ancient origins. Native to the Nordic forests, the feline effect of the crossing between the wild cat of the Ural Mountains and some local cats, it soon spread to the Asian plains. It has long been supported the hypothesis that other feline breeds with natural origins such as the Turkish Angora, the Maine Coon, the Turkish Van and the Norwegian have descended from the Siberian.

But there is nothing certain. The presence of the Siberian in Europe, recorded at the 1871 gender exhibition, aroused the interest of enthusiasts and cat lovers. The official recognition of the feline breed in 1997 outlined the typical traits of its specimens, namely the particular massive, rustic and somewhat wild felines. Even today, the Siberian is for everyone the rustic cat selected from the wild environment of the forests of Northeast Asia.


The Siberian retains the typical characteristics of the wild cat: agility, strength, dynamism and spirit of adventure. Even if they become attached to the human friend who chooses and adapts to live in the home environment, the Siberian needs ample space for give free rein to the energies and instinct of a hunter-explorer.


The Siberian puppies encompass all more fascinating characteristics of natural breeds. Natural selection has created a specimen of enormous size and powerful musculature. Precisely because of the not always gentle character of the breed, it is important that Siberian puppies in the first days of life, have frequent contact with people and other animals.


The diet of the Siberian must align with the sustenance that the feline would maintain in nature. The choice of a high quality industrial type feed is probably the right one: perfect knowledge of the origin of the raw materials, correct dosage of the necessary nutrients and advice on the indicated doses.

Up to 6 months, the kitten needs a diet capable of guaranteeing correct physical development; the adult cat needs dry food mainly composed of animal proteins; the elderly cat needs specific low-calorie foods.

It is advisable to give the animal some regular and precise rations, avoiding off meals: the kitten must eat 3 times a day while the adult cat and the elderly cat must eat 2 times a day. The Siberian needs an alternation of dry food and wet food since, complementing each other, they both contribute to the psychophysical well-being of the animal: wet food does not have a consistency suitable for the mandibular apparatus and dry food contains a high percentage of carbohydrates that the feline does not need.

Grooming and hygiene

The coat of the Siberian does not require specific attention. Its semi-long coat retains a natural protection capable of preventing the formation of knots and felts. In any case, it is advisable to brush the feline’s fur on a weekly basis, intensifying its care during the moult for the sole purpose of facilitating the elimination of dead hair and avoiding the formation and, therefore, the ingestion of hairballs.

The coat must be washed only if strictly necessary and only with delicate and specifically designed products. The Siberian is curiously called «hypoallergenic cat»: since it is unable to produce the protein that most causes allergic reactions in humans, saliva deposited on the hair during self-grooming very rarely triggers allergic symptoms.


From the genetic point of view, the more frequent pathologies in the Siberian are: hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and polycystic kidney syndrome. Visits to the veterinarian, periodic checks and a healthy and balanced diet can avoid the onset of these various diseases and disorders. The vaccinations and related boosters help keep the immune defenses active against infectious rhinotracheitis, infectious calicivirosis, infectious gastroenteritis and feline leukemia. The vaccination schedule must always be respected as some infectious diseases come from the bite of mice or from the bite of parasites (such as filariasis).


  • Head The head should be large, slightly rounded and massive.
  • Eyes The eyes should be large, oval and slightly oblique. All colors are allowed.
  • Ears The ears must be of medium size and broad at the base; they must have rounded tips with the inside covered with thick hair and tufts. Well spaced apart, they must be slightly inclined forward.
  • Body The body must be muscular, long and powerful.
  • Tail The tail should be of medium length, thick, free from excessive plumes and with a rounded tip.
  • Arts The legs must be medium-long, with strong musculature. The feet should be large, round and covered with tufts of fur between the toes.
  • Coat and color The coat must be semi-long, well developed, very thick and with a hydro-repellent outer layer, slightly hard to the touch. Any color range (including white) is allowed except chocolate, lilac, cinnamon, fawn and Pointed designs.