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Siamese

enero 13, 2021

As the name itself denotes, the Siamese is native to the Siam region (Thailand). Numerous documents describe the presence of a cat similar to the Siamese as early as the 14th century. L’arrival of this feline breed in Europe remains shrouded in the mystery of numerous hypotheses: it would have been embarked by English merchants, two specimens would have been given to the English consul in Bangkok and / or would have been stolen from the royal court.

The first examples of Siamese cats were presented at theLondon cat show in 1871, without having a noteworthy success. The English admirers of the breed, however, were ready to outline the standard (which took place in 1882) and to create the first dedicated Club in 1902. The constant research towards more tapered shapes and a slimmer and more elegant body, led to the weakening of the breed.

In fact, at the beginning of the 70s, many breeders embarked on the path of the orientalization of the breed, giving life to a new type of Siamese: Thai cat (in honor of Thailand, the ancient Siam). Only in 1998, some breeders managed to recover various specimens similar to the «old type» and then to select a cat breed very similar to the original. The Siamese cat, therefore, must meet certain physical standards. Given the particularity and origin of the elegant blue-eyed cat, the cost of a specimen of Siamese cat it is around 700/1000 euros.

Siamese cat, character and behavior

Despite its haughty and singular appearance, the Siamese cat retains a affectionate character beyond all limits, especially with the master. Lively and intelligent, the feline easily adapts to domestic life (even if an available garden would allow it to give free rein to its vitality and innate hunting ability). The ideal owner for a Siamese cat is a person who does not mind being overwhelmed by the meows of an affectionate and joker feline.

Siamese puppy

The Siamese puppy is a small feline with the pointed face, refined coat and blue eyes. The Siamese puppy, being a cat with a fast growth, must eat a daily ration capable of ensuring an adequate psychophysical development in every phase of development. If socialized at a very early age, i Siamese kittens they prove to be small felines able to share space and time with other animals (cats or dogs).

Feeding the Siamese cat

The diet of the Siamese must consider the nutritional needs of such a lively and active breed. It is recommended that you set one diet rich in protein and fat, but low in carbohydrates (because they are not easily digestible). In any case, the setting of the diet and the daily rations must be made based on the specific nutritional needs related to the age and physical activity carried out by the specimen: i puppies need a higher protein intake in order to achieve proper development, adults require an extremely balanced diet based on the lifestyle they have taken and the elderly need a lower calorie diet in order not to favor the natural propensity to obesity.

In this sense it is advisable frequently vary the diet of the Siamese: the alternation of dry and wet food allows the animal’s intestine to become familiar with the different proteins and therefore to strengthen the immune system.

Grooming and hygiene

The coat of the Siamese does not require considerable attention. Being short, close to the body and free of undercoat, his coat requires greater care only during the moulting period: smoothing the hair with a soft chamois cloth or with a fine-toothed comb helps to remove dead or excess hair and make the coat soft and silky.

Health, checks and vaccinations

From a genetic point of view, the most common pathologies in the Siamese are: progressive retinal atrophy, degenerative diseases of the nervous system, cardiomyopathy, glaucoma, amyloidosis, gangliosidosis and polycystic kidney. The feline breed also has sensitivity to anesthesia and suffers from frequent respiratory infections.

In fact, the current clinical profile of the Siamese it is the consequence of the numerous crosses carried out with the aim of selecting felines with a thinner and more elegant body. In fact, originally, the Siamese presented itself as a strong and long-lived cat.

The periodic visits to the treating veterinarian and the classic vaccines (infectious rhinotracheitis, panleukopenia, chlamydiosis, calicivirus, feline leukemia and rabies) contribute significantly, together with a balanced diet and adequate physical activity, to keep a healthy and vital Siamese specimen.

Siamese cat: characteristics

  • Head The head should be of medium size, elongated, well proportioned and triangular.
  • Eyes The eyes should be of medium size, neither protruding nor sunken. Almond-shaped and slightly inclined, the eyes must have an intense blue color.
  • Ears The ears should be large, pointed, open at the base and positioned in line with the wedge-shaped head.
  • Body The body must be long, tapered, lean and muscular. The width of the shoulders must not exceed that of the hips.
  • Tail The tail must be very thin, long and tapered at the tip.
  • Arts The legs must be long, thin and of solid musculature. The feet must be small and oval.
  • Coat and color The coat must be thin and close to the body. The body of the Siamese must be of a uniform white-cream color with darker colored areas (Pointed designs) that cover ears, mask, tail, legs and part of the limbs. There are several Pointed varieties: Seal, Blue, Chocolate, Lilac Tortie, Cinnamon, Fawn, Cinnamon Tortie, Fawn Tortie, Red and Cream.

There are many cats with typical colors of the Siamese also with long hair like the Thai cat or the Balinese cat. In the particular case, the Balinese cat (Also known as «Long-haired Siamese«) Compared to a Siamese specimen it has a less slender build and a less agile physicality. In any case, the Siamese cat retains well-defined morphological characteristics that make it recognizable and distinguishable.

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