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Persian cat

enero 13, 2021

 

The Persian is said to be the most «selected» cat in the world. What today is recognized as Persian it would be the result of numerous selections carried out between the ancient and elegant Angora cats and the small, stocky and long-haired cats from Iran (Persia).

Despite the Angora cat and Persian have long been confused, already in the feline exhibition of 1871 the feline breed was characterized by a flattened muzzle, long hair and muscular body. The charm and coloring of the Persian’s fur they were so successful that even Queen Victoria wanted two blue specimens with her. The subsequent official recognition of the Persian highlighted the peculiar traits of the feline race and the infinite variety of color combinations of the coat. Although there is no more distinctive color than the feline breed, the White Persian, Blue Persian, Black Persian and Chinchilla Persian (with a light coat with darker tips) remain the most common varieties.

CHARACTER AND BEHAVIOR

The Persian is a calm and balanced cat. Once you have gained the necessary confidence with the environment and with the adoptive family, the Persian transforms into an outgoing and affectionate cat. It is the typical pet animal: it lets itself be caressed and does not become prey to tensions or anxieties. Among other things, it doesn’t even need large spaces. The Persian is a balanced and lazy feline, a cat that prefers to move quietly and relax on armchairs and sofas.

PERSIAN CAT PUPPY

Whether they are for show or for pets, Persian puppies are specimens of undoubted beauty. Kittens of this breed prove to be lazier than other short-haired felines. From the first weeks of life, the Persian puppy has those morphological peculiarities (not exactly as a predator) and those character attitudes (inclined to company) that have made him the most loved domestic feline in the world.

PERSIAN CAT FEEDING

The diet of the Persian must take into account how much the breed, typically domestic, it totally depends on man. Nevertheless, keeping the typical needs of a feline, the Persian needs a nourishment based on a high protein percentage and a small amount of vegetables and carbohydrates.

A healthy and balanced diet is the litmus test of the state of health of every feline. The use of industrial feed, in addition to allowing easy information about the ingredients used and the recommended quantities, it avoids the onset of diseases or sensitivities related to nutrition (food allergies and / or intolerances, kidney diseases, obesity and therefore cardiovascular diseases). The rotation of dry food and wet food, in addition, it helps to control the percentage of liquids ingested and, particularly in elderly cats, the concentration of uroliths in the urine. In this sense, it is advisable to use foods specially prepared for the feline breed.

Grooming and hygiene

The care of the long coat of the Persian requires considerable attention: must be brushed daily with a long-handled brush in the direction of the hair in order to eliminate dirt, knots and dead hair and to make the coat soft and shiny. This action is bound to increase during the moulting period (to prevent the feline from ingesting hairballs).

It is advisable to pay special attention to cleaning the eyes and skin folds. The Persian, having a flattened muzzle, has tear ducts that easily narrow and cause overabundant tearing, possible conjunctivitis and annoying dermatitis. Washing can be done every two months (or a week before feline exposure) with suitable shampoos, bringing out the natural contrast between white and colored areas.

HEALTH, CHECKS AND VACCINATIONS

From the genetic point of view, the most frequent pathologies in Persian are: polycystic kidney syndrome, oculopathies, heart defects, hip dysplasia, respiratory problems, mannosidosis, hypothyroidism, cleft palate, prognathism, oily seborrhea and stenosis of the nostrils. The Persian is definitely a demanding cat.

In this sense, the need to undergo periodic visits to the treating veterinarian, the main vaccinations (infectious gastroenteritis, infectious rhinotracheitis, feline calicivirus, feline chlamydia, feline leukemia and rabies) and the fundamental antiparasitic operations (to avoid diseases such as filariasis).

PERSIAN CAT STANDARD

  • Head The head should be round, broad and massive, with full cheeks.
  • Eyes The eyes must be very wide apart, large and round.
  • Ears The ears must be set low, small, internally covered with tufts of hair and with rounded tips.
  • Body The body must be compact, low on the legs and with good musculature.
  • Tail The tail must be short but in proportion to the body.
  • Arts The legs must be short, robust and strong; the feet must be large and round.
  • Coat and color The coat must be long, abundant, thick and silky. More than two hundred colors and numerous varieties such as Solid Color, Silver & Golden, Tabby, Particolor, Bicolor, Shaded & Smoke and Himalayan or Colorpoint are allowed.

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