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Dalmatian

enero 12, 2021

 

The origin of the Dalmatian has its roots in ancient times. Numerous testimonies trace theexistence of the canine breed thousands of years ago (depictions in ancient Egypt, ecclesiastical chronicles, paintings by Italian artists and the like).

In England, the first examples of Dalmatians were nicknamed «coachman dogs» (they guarded the carriages of the nobles). However, enthusiasts soon realized that the dog breed would have could find new jobs as a hunting dog, messenger dog, relay race during wars, companion dog and so on.

The British broadly established the breed and, once the standards were established, laid the foundation for a modern selection of the Dalmatian. In 1994, Croatian fans won the case at the Federation Cynologique Internationale for the recognition of Croatia as the homeland of the canine breed. The Dalmatian, in fact, links its name to Dalmatia (one of the regions of Croatia).

Today, Dalmatian specimens show up strong and muscular, with a symmetrical silhouette and cloak studded with black or liver-colored coin-shaped spots. The sinuosity of the Dalmatian dog’s body is restored by the perfect proportion of size and weight: the height at the withers for males varies from 56 cm to 61 cm while for females it ranges from 54 cm to 59 cm; the weight in males is included between 27 kg and 32 kg while in females it ranges from 24 kg to 29 kg.

DALMATE CHARACTER AND BEHAVIOR

The Dalmatian is a sporty, active, exuberant dog capable of excelling in any feat such as in agility competitions. Her strong, muscular and sinuous structure provides him with great physical stamina and speed. Being a lover of the outdoors and a dog with an exuberant character, the Dalmatian is a good walking and leisure companion. The enormous energy charge it transmits does not make it a suitable dog for the company of elderly people or lazy owners.

DALMATIAN PUPPY

The Dalmatian puppy looks like a cute white dog. The characteristic black spots appear only about three weeks after birth.

Dalmatian puppies they tend to be calm and playful, but they can become spiteful if they feel they are not the center of the master’s attention.

The price of a Dalmatian puppy can change according to the breeding of origin, the state of health of the animal, the certification and the pedigree: in general the cost varies from 500 to 800 euros.

DALMATA POWER

After the first few weeks that the Dalmatian puppy has fed on mother’s milk, it is possible proceed around the third week with weaning gradually switching to semi-solid food essentially consisting of dry food and a liquid part. It is necessary that the nutrition of the adult Dalmatian must be balanced and complete in order to be able to support the normal energy needs of the animal.

 

In the maintenance phase it is essential reduce the frequency of meals from 3 to 2, administering them in the right quantity and at regular times. In reality, the use of industrial feed allows you to trace the origin of the raw materials, follow the recommended qualities on the packaging and avoid the possible appearance of allergies, food intolerances or kidney stones.

Grooming and hygiene

Taking care of the Dalmatian’s short, hard and undercoat-free coat is simple: just brush the dog’s coat with a certain consistency to keep it clean and bathe, using specific and delicate products. More frequent cleaning can be done by passing a rubber glove, a brush with soft silks and a damp cloth on the mantle in succession.

The Dalmatian is not only a short-haired dog but is also a dog breed with no undercoat, which makes its specimens extremely sensitive to the harsh winter climate and at low temperatures.

HEALTH, CHECKS AND VACCINATIONS

From a genetic point of view, the most common pathologies in the Dalmatian are propensity to deafness and the predisposition to the formation of kidney stones.

In general specific tests, healthy diet and regular exercise they manage to avoid or at most delay the onset of these pathologies.

The constant visits to the treating veterinarian and the vaccination program drawn up (against parvovirus, distemper, hepatitis, leptospirosis, coronavirosis, laryngotracheitis and rabies) guarantee the Dalmatian specimen alife expectancy of about 10-12 years. Pesticide treatments (against filariasis and leishmaniasis) and deworming (elimination of parasites present in the stomach) complete the profile of healthy, strong and protected dog.

STANDARD DALMATIAN

  • Head The head must be long enough; the flat skull with reasonable distance between the ears, well drawn at the level of the temples.
  • Eyes The eyes are placed quite far apart, of medium size, round, bright and brilliant. They are dark brown in subjects with black spots and light brown to amber in subjects with liver spots. The eyelids are adherent to the eyeball.
  • Ears The ears must be set high; they must be fairly broad at the base, of medium size and carried close to the head.
  • Mouth The jaws are strong and with a perfect scissor bite. The lips must be clean, close to the jaw and not pendulous. Complete pigmentation is required.
  • Neck The neck must be long enough, arched, thinner towards the head and without dewlap.
  • Body The withers are well defined; the back is powerful and straight; the loins are lean, muscular and slightly sloping; the croup is slightly sloping.
  • Tail The tail reaches approximately the hock; it must be vigorous at the root and must gradually taper towards the tip.
  • Front limbs The forelegs are perfectly straight, with strong bones and round to the feet.
  • Hind limbs The hind limbs are rounded, muscular and clean. Seen from behind, the legs are vertical and parallel.
  • Feet The feet should be round, compact and with well arched toes. The bearings are round, hard and elastic.
  • Coat and color The coat must be short, hard, thick, smooth and shiny. The background color must be pure white. Both black-spotted and liver-spotted individuals must have coin-shaped spots.

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