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British Shorthair

enero 12, 2021

The British Shorthair is a feline breed with ancient origins. A first trace of the British Shorthair was found following the crosses between the cats brought by the Romans to Great Britain and the cats from across the Channel.

Legend places the progenitor of the British Shorthair at the time of the escape of the Jews from Egypt (General Gastheolos and his wife Scota, following the unsuccessful attempt to block his escape, escaped the wrath of the pharaoh by taking refuge in a new land and taking their beloved cat with him). The breed’s first debut came with the presentation of two blue specimens at the 1871 English cat show.


Despite the success achieved, the British Shorthair was in danger of becoming extinct during the two world wars. The breeding and selection programs were intensified in order to clarify the characteristics of the feline breed and, therefore, to remove the genetic impoverishment due to the numerous attempts to make it a compact and rounded animal (the work of crosses with Persians and Carthusians).

In 1977, the official recognition of the feline breed outlined the characteristic traits of the British Shorthair: medium-large size, large, round eyes and short, powerful legs (the “all-round” feline).


The British Shorthair is a capable, calm and affectionate cat. This big cat likes to be in the company of its owner but is not inclined to be picked up or to intimate human contact. The feline race has shown calmness in every situation, even if it does not give up on going into crazy races or unpredictable adventures. The strong personality and the particular character of the British Shorthair have transformed it into the typical pet animal able to get in tune with children and other pets.


The British Shorthair puppy looks like a cat with a sturdy build and sociable character.

The conformation of the muzzle and the slightly flattened nose give it a smiling, almost human expression. Although the development of British Shorthair puppies is quite early, they remain attached to the mother and continue to feed on her milk as long as she still allows it (even up to the fourth month of age).


The diet of a British Shorthair must be calibrated taking into consideration the voracity and innate laziness of the feline breed. A specimen reaches maturity around two years, at which time it becomes advisable to pay attention to the amount of food and daily doses (considering its voracity).

Its nourishment will have to vary according to the weight, age and individual needs of the specimen (weaning, sterilized, maintenance, pregnancy or lactation). Making sure that the animal receives the necessary nourishment is the first step to avoid the appearance of pathologies related to food such as obesity, food shortages, unbalanced blood values ​​or cardiovascular problems.

It is advisable to opt for an alternation of premium quality dry food and wet food (useful among other things to delay problems of tartar, halitosis, gas in the stomach, etc.), because they are rich in information about the raw materials used, the nutritional principles contents and recommended daily doses.

The diet of a British Shorthair, like all felines with compact and dense hair, must include special anti-bolus products necessary to avoid the formation of hairballs in the stomach (cause of considerable gastrointestinal problems).

Grooming and hygiene

The grooming of the British Shorthair’s coat requires a lot of attention compared to all other shorthaired felines. Having a compact and dense coat, the British Shorthair needs frequent brushing (better if done with a bristle brush and a fine-toothed comb), especially during the moulting period (eliminating the dead hair, it is possible to avoid the formation of boluses. of hair and become aware of the presence of parasites). The washing of the coat is only necessary if there are evident traces of dirt.


From the genetic point of view, the major pathologies present in the British Shorthair are: polycystic kidney syndrome and hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. A particular genetic test allows to identify the specimens affected by polycystic kidney syndrome and to avoid that they can give life to the continuation of the disease.

Generally speaking, the feline breed is in good health. It is clear that to keep a British Shorthair in good health, it remains essential to follow a busy schedule of visits to the treating veterinarian, vaccinations (viral gastroenteritis, viral rhinotracheitis, calicivirus, feline leukemia, feline immunodeficiency and rabies) and essential antiparasitic operations ( to avoid leishmaniasis and filariasis).


  • Head The head must be very round and with full cheeks.
  • Eyes The eyes should be round, set wide apart and large.
  • Ears The ears must be set well apart and slightly rounded.
  • Body The body must be muscular and very compact.
  • Tail The tail must be short, bushy and with a rounded tip.
  • Arts The legs must be short, strong and with rounded feet.
  • Coat and color The coat must be short, dense and fine in texture. Colors are allowed: Black, Blue, White, Red, Cream, Chocolate, Lillac, Cinnamon and Fawn. The British Shorthair can feature a single-colored coat or a multi-colored coat (Colourpoint, Tabby, Silver, Golden, and Bicolour).