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American Pitbull Terrier

enero 13, 2021

 

The origin ofAmerican Pitbull Terrier (more commonly known as Pitbull) is at least dubious: for many the dog breed is the cross of two English breeds (English White terrier and Old Bulldog) while for others it is the authentic Renaissance working Bulldog. This divergent thinking has led to questionable recognition of race among federations and gender associations.

However, the most accredited hypothesis remains the one that sees in past centuries the spread of catch dogs, used to control cattle, pigs and other animals in farms and slaughterhouses, in big game hunting, as guard dogs and also in fighting. The dog breed derives from the further selection made in the United States of the Bull and Terrier breed. The work of US breeders focused on Bull and Terrier specimens massively imported from Ireland.

The breed, before becoming the current American Pit Bull Terrier, had already been popularly recognized for some time with different names (Staffordshire Terrier, Bull Terrier, Half and Half, Yankee Terrier and more generally Bulldog).

CHARACTER AND BEHAVIOR

The Pit Bull is a tough, courageous and loyal dog to its owner. Being a defense dog, theAmerican Pit Bull Terrier it is not aggressive towards humans but could be towards other dogs. In fact, towards his peers he shows a certain aggression, especially if he is in front of an Alpha specimen (in reality, by making him play with other dogs from an early age, the Pitbull can easily get used to them and learn to socialize). If well bred or trained, this dog breed dispels that cliché that has qualified it as one of the most dangerous breeds: the Pitbull, among other things, is perfect for pet therapy (does not easily manifest signs of stress, remaining still and impassive). In his relationship with children he is mild and affectionate despite his powerful physicality (clearly the utmost attention is always indicated).

PITBULL PUPPY

The Pitbull puppy he looks stocky, strong and athletic. As with any dog ​​that as an adult will achieve a certain physical prowess, a Pitbull specimen must be educated from a puppy to self-control and socialize with other dogs and people. Although his fighting instinct has been selected for decades, the strong and dominant nature of the Pitbull can be controlled by a firm and rigorous upbringing: he must learn from a puppy to walk on a leash, not to jump on him, to play with others. exemplary and with man without causing trauma.

PITBULL POWER

The Pitbull needs abalanced diet, rich and adapted to its particular digestive system (slow to absorb substances), to his teeth (more suitable for tearing than chewing), its size and the activity it carries out. The right combination of proteins, carbohydrates, fats, vitamins and minerals (perfect for strengthening the bones, promoting the well-being of skin and coat, and supporting a strong immune system) allows the perfect psychophysical development of the puppy and the maintenance of an athletic fitness .

  • Up to two months it is advisable to divide the day into 4 meals based on croquettes softened in water combined or replaced by carefully blended chicken meat.
  • From six months to the 13th – 14th month, the meal must be divided into 2 portions per day. It is advisable to feed the Pitbull a “super-premium” food since a low quality food could compromise their good health.
  • During the adult stage, it is preferable to consider the level of physical activity carried out by the specimen: if the Pitbull carries out normal physical activity, one meal a day will suffice; if, on the other hand, he carries out an intense activity, the meals must be two.

Naturally a careful observation of the development, of theweight loss or weight loss of the dog it is essential to be able to dose in excess or in defect the average recommended doses, always bearing in mind that the slow digestion of the Pitbull makes it necessary to considerably distance the administration of meals.

Grooming and hygiene

The short coat of the Pitbull does not require considerable care (although frequent grooming is always a guarantee of a clean skin, free of dust and dead cells).

However, it is advisable to pay a lot of attention to oral hygiene to preserve perfect teeth and excellent health. A perfect chewing, in fact, correctly affects digestion (already slow in itself) and avoids numerous problems. To prevent plaque and tartar from destroying the teeth and / or producing acute gingivitis it will be necessary to brush the Pitbull’s teeth at least once every day. If the dog has not been accustomed to using toothpaste or totally refuses to open his mouth then it is advisable, on the advice of the vet, to add a good rinse to the water bowl to help clear the teeth of food debris. or the use of toys designed for teeth cleaning and storage.

HEALTH, CHECKS AND VACCINATIONS

The first visit to the vet and the annual check-up can guarantee the dog’s well-being. Only through specific and cyclical checks, in fact, the treating veterinarian will be able to establish if the Pitbull is in good health, if he has some pathologies such as obesity or if he needs particular variations in the food sector (such as any additions).

PITBULL STANDARD

Unfortunately there is no standard of the FCI (Federation Cynologique Internationale). To recognize the American Pitbull Terrier as a breed and following its selection carefully there are two associations: the UKC and the ADBA.

PITBULL UKC (United Kennel Club) has much more rigorous and precise characteristics:

  • Head The head must be flattened and brick-shaped.
  • Eyes The eyes must be well spaced from each other.
  • Ears The ears must be placed on the top of the head and must not show wrinkles.
  • Muzzle The muzzle must be well pronounced and the upper arch of the teeth must close perfectly with the lower one.
  • Neck The neck must be muscular and full of folds.
  • Chest The chest should lean slightly downwards.
  • Tail The tail (absolutely not docked) must be short compared to the rest of the body, then tapering gradually.
  • Legs The legs must be large, with round bones. The feet should be of medium size. The gait must be light and must express power and agility.
  • Cloak and color The hair, short and rough to the touch, is allowed in all colors except albino.
  • Weight The weight varies from 16 kg to 27 kg for males and from 14 kg to 23 kg for females.

PITBULL ADBA (American Dog Breeders Association) on the other hand, leans towards a more rude breed not characterized by precise physical properties:

  • Head The general conformation of the skull can be variable: wedge-shaped seen from above and from the side, round seen from the front.
  • Eyes The eyes should be elliptical when viewed from the front and triangular when viewed from the side.
  • Ears The ears, cropped or uncropped, must be carried high on the head and must not have folds.
  • Mouth The jaws must be developed and the teeth must close like a scissor.
  • Neck The neck must be powerful and well muscled up to the base of the skull.
  • Chest The thorax, strong and well sprung, must be tight.
  • Tail The tail placed at the base must be pointed at the bottom and long up to the hock.
  • Skin The skin must adhere to the body, except on the neck.
  • Legs The legs must be small and high on the phalanges.
  • Cloak and color The short and dense coat can be of any color.
  • Weight The agency does not provide measurements of weight or height.

Despite individual parameters or different varieties, the American Pitbull Terrier remains a medium-sized dog from solid and muscular build, quick in movements, agile and agile. Generally speaking, a dog to be considered a Pitbull specimen must have a flat and square head, round and dark eyes, powerful jaws, a broad muzzle in correspondence with the cheeks, a body longer than high, a very broad chest. , the powerful hindquarters, the short tail, the dense, short hair and the most varied color (provided that the white does not cover more than 80% of the body).

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